Guide to Lefkada Capital City
Good to Know
Lefkada is the capital city of the island and an unit of municipality Lefkada. It is the most important town of the Lefkada island, with the population of about 13,000 inhabitants whose major occupations are tourism and the cultivation of the land and the sea. It is located in the northeastern part of the island and it is connected to the mainland by a narrow channel Drepanos. Formerly, the capital city of the island of Lefkada was built in the Castle of Agia Mavra.
Like the rest of the island, Lefkada town have Mediterranean climate with mostly wet, hot summers and cool winters. Summer temperatures begin in May and continue through until October, but the hottest months are July and August with average temperatures of 25˚C.
Since Lefkada town is linked to mainland with the bridge, you can easily reach it by your private or rented car.
The nearest airport to Lefkada Island is the airport of Akiton, 25km from Lefkada Town, near Perveza in the mainland. The airport serves fligts to Athens as well as numerous international charter flights from May to October and some domestic flights. To get from the airport to Lefkada, you can use cars, rent-a-car or taxi. Because close proximity to the mainland, there aren’t ferries connecting Lefkada town with the mainland.
There are ferry lines operating between Lefkada, Kefalonia and Ithaca.
After the huge earthquakes in 1948 and 1950 which rocked the Ionian Islands, major part of Lefkada town was destroyed, forcing inhabitants to rebuild their houses with the remains of old houses. However, lots of interesting traditional houses can be found here. Especially attractive are the wooden houses covered with colored metal sheets. Except Island’s characteristic architecture, must see in and in closest neighborhood of Lefkada town include Ancient Lefkada, numerous churches, fortresses and museums.
• Ancient Lefkada
This ancient city is located about 6 km southeast of the town. There are ruins of the ancient city of Nirikos, the island’s first capital city from the 2nd millennium BC. According to archeological researches, Nirikos was a large city of significant economic importance in the region, built on strategically and geographically favorable location, across the mainland of Greece. A new city, Lefkas was built on that site and became Lefkada’s capital in 13th century. In Ancient Lefkada today can be found remains of fortress’ walls, ruins of pre-Roman theater, towers, an aqueduct and parts of ancient cemetery, brought to world by the German archeologist Wilhelm Dörpfeld.
• Agios Ioannis Antzoussis Church
This church is the oldest church of Lefkada island and it is located 3 km west of the Lefkada town. According to religious stories, the Apostle Paul stopped here on his way to rome to spread Christianity. Originally the Agios Ioannis Antzoussis Church was built on a rock, but later the Frank built a new church which is standing there today.
• The Church of the Presentation of Virgin Mary
The church of the Presentation of Virgin Mary is situated in the centre of the town. It was built in 1720, during the Venetian domination on the island. Inside the church you’ll find important hagiographies by Lefkadian artists from the early 19th century.
• Christou Pandokratora Church
This church from 1684 is situated in the town. It was also built by the Venetians as a reminder of their victory against the Turks.
• The Monastery of Panagia Fanaromeni
The Monastery of Panagia Fanaromeni is situated 2 km east of the town outside the village of Frynio. It is the most important religious centre on Lefkada. According to religious tradition, the Apostle Paul taught there. It is also believed that the monastery was built on the shelter for Hera or Artemis.
On the seaside highway leading to Lefkada town, you can see the New Fortress, also known as Fortress Tekes, named after the nearby monastery, by Ali Pasha, in 1807. Along the beach, there are ruins of the fortresses of Georgios, Alexandros and Constantinos.
• Archeological Museum
The Arceological Museum of Lefkada comprises exhibits from the famous archeologist’s Dörpfeld excavations, like items from Nydri, Kariotes and other places of the island. Findings from the Proto-Hellenic period to the Roman era can be found here, including pots, ceramics, statues, ecclesiastic pieces and photographs from the excavations in Nydri.
• Museum of Gramophones Lefkada
In this small museum an exhibition of different jewels, pictures, guns, books, gramophones and other musical instruments can be found.
From Lefkada town the most popular beaches of the island like Porto Katsiki, Sivota beach, Egremni as well as numerous other stunning beaches can easily be reached by the car or local buses.
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